This movie requires Flash Player 8. Download Flash Player 8

Issue Features
View this issue online as it looks in print
Discovery Magazine 1/1/2011

Underwater Volcanoes

There are an estimated 1,500 land volcanoes around the world. When most people consider these lava-ejecting openings in the Earth, they think of such well-known land volcanoes as Mount Saint Helens in Washington State, Mount Fuji in Japan, or Mount Vesuvius in Italy. The fact is, however, many underwater volcanoes also exist.

Loihi, for example, is an underwater volcano about 20 miles southeast of the island of Hawaii. It is one of the world’s most famous “submarine” volcanoes, which had its last major eruption in 1996. Although Loihi’s peak is 10,000 feet abovethe seafloor, it is still 3,000 feet below sea level.

About 2,500 miles northeast of Loihi lies another underwater volcano, known as the Axial Seamount. The seamount is settled about 300 miles off Oregon’s coast. It rises about 3,600 feet above the surrounding seafloor and is more than 4,500 feet below sea level. Its only known eruption was in 1998. The fact is, there are thousands of underwater volcanoes all across the globe, and they account for roughly 80% of all the volcanic activity on Earth.

So what do underwater volcanoes have to do with the Flood of Noah’s day? When the Bible says in Genesis 7:11 that the Flood began “when the windows of heaven were opened,” it also states that “on that day all the fountains of the great deep were broken up.” Considering that water (H20) in the form of steam is the main gas that is expelled from volcanoes, it is reasonable to conclude that the breaking up of “all the fountains of the great deep” is a reference to major geologic activity, namely volcanic eruptions. In these worldwide, underwater eruptions, steam would have ruptured from the seafloor for several weeks (Genesis 8:2), drastically heating the oceans and raising the sea levels.

Eventually, there was so much H20 on Earth that even the highest mountains were covered (Genesis 7:19-20). Indeed, “the world that then existed perished, being flooded with water” (2 Peter 3:6), much of which came forth when “all the fountains of the great deep were broken up.”

Copyright © 2011 Apologetics Press, Inc. All rights reserved.

*Please keep in mind that Discovery articles are written for 3rd-6th graders.

This document may be copied, on the condition that it will not be republished in print unless otherwise stated below, and will not be used for any commercial purpose, as long as the following stipulations are observed: (1) Apologetics Press must be designated as the original publisher; (2) the specific Apologetics Press Web site URL must be noted; (3) any references, footnotes, or endnotes that accompany the article must be included with any written reproduction of the article; (4) textual alterations of any kind are strictly forbidden; (5) Some illustrations (e.g., photographs, charts, graphics, etc.) are not the intellectual property of Apologetics Press and as such cannot be reproduced from our site without consent from the person or organization that maintains those intellectual rights; (6) serialization of written material (e.g., running an article in several parts) is permitted, as long as the whole of the material is made available, without editing, in a reasonable length of time; (7) articles, excepting brief quotations, may not be offered for sale or included in items offered for sale; and (8) articles may be reproduced in electronic form for posting on Web sites pending they are not edited or altered from their original written content and that credit is given to Apologetics Press, including the web location from which the articles were taken. Further, documents may not be copied without source statements (title, author, journal title), and the address of the publisher and owner of rights, as listed below.

For catalog, samples, or further information, contact:

Apologetics Press
230 Landmark Drive
Montgomery, Alabama 36117
Phone (334) 272-8558

Web Store

Defending the Faith Study Bible

We are very excited to announce the NEW AP Defending the Faith Study Bible now available.

Featured Audio


Click the following link to visit our Multimedia section.

Featured Audio